28 Mei 2018

Vietnam Digitized Old-Generation Radar

28 Mei 2018


Vietnam's P-18M radar (photos : Retia)

According retia.cz - defence company RETIA (Czech Republic) has successfully upgraded P-18 radar of Vietnam to the new standard for major changes.

According to this source, the P-18 radar upgrade contract signed by the Czech Republic with Vietnam a few years ago. The contract will indicate that the Czech side will be responsible for upgrading 40 P-18 radars to Vietnam.

The source said the P-18M radar was a modernization variant on the Soviet/Russian P-18 radar. P-18M radar is used to detect, search for targets and determine the target azimuth. In addition, the station also has the ability to determine the national sovereignty of the target through questioners.

In addition to the original P-18 antenna rig, the improved Czech radar also features four additional ECCM noise-canceling antennas that significantly improve operability in a robust electronic warfare environment.


Compared with the old P-18 radar system, the P-18M radar developed by the Czech Republic has many improvements with modern technology, especially digital technology. Instead of using the same electronic light as in the older radars, the P-18M radar system as well as the P-18M radar system is digitized.

Radar can work in many different frequencies with extremely fast and flexible switching times. In the photo is a cockpit operating the old P-18 radar. The display system is very modern with a liquid crystal display instead of the old P-18 electronic vision sight system.

All old control systems were removed to replace the newer, more sophisticated LCD displays. The P-18M radar detects and works in unmatched frequency range, but the new radio has the ability to automatically track up to 200 targets per second and over 1000 targets/revolutions.

Thus, the introduction of P-18M digital radar equipment with outstanding features will significantly enhance the ability to monitor the sea and sea islands of the country for the Air Defense of the Air Force.

Key Points of KF-X and IF-X Fighter Program

21 Mei 2018


KF-X/IF-X fighter aircraft (photo : Defense Studies)

3 Block Development Phase of KF-X

The project goes ahead, the 1st step will involve picking a foreign development partner, and the next step will involve choosing between 1 of 2 competing designs. The C103 design’s conventional fighter layout would look somewhat like the F-35, while the C203 design follows the European approach and uses forward canards in a stealth-shaped airframe. It’s likely that the choice of their foreign development partner will determine the design choice pursued.


KF-X Block 1 to Block 3 (all images : Namu)

KF-X Block 1

Either aircraft would be a twin-engine fighter weighing around 10.4 tonnes, with stealth shaping. In order to keep ambitions within the bounds of realism, KFX Block 1 fighters would only have to meet the radar cross-section of the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet or Eurofighter Typhoon. Sources have used figures of 0.1 – 1.0 square meters.

Note that even this specification amounts to developing a plane similar to or more advanced than the JAS-39E/F Gripen, from a lower technological base, with less international help on key components, all for less development money than a more experienced firm needed to spend. South Korea’s own KIDA takes a similar view, questioning the country’s technical readiness for something this complicated, and noting an overall cost per aircraft that’s twice as much as similar imported fighters.



KF-X Block 2

KFX Block 2 would add internal weapon bays. Present plans call for Block 1 would be compatible with the bays, and hence upgradeable to Block 2 status, but Block 1 planes wouldn’t begin with internal bays. The fighter’s size and twin-engine design offer added space compared to a plan like the Gripen, but this feature will still be a notable design challenge. Additional tolerance and coating improvements are envisioned to reduce stealth to the level of an F-117: about 0.025 square meters.

KF-X Block 3

KFX Block 3 would aim for further stealth improvements to the level of the B-2 bomber or F-35.

No timeline has been discussed for Block 2 and Block 3 improvements. At this stage of the program, any dates given would be wildly unreliable anyway.



The ROK Agency for Defense Development says that if full-scale development begins in October 2014, the 1st KF-X Block 1 prototype flight wouldn’t take place until September 2020. Based on the history of other programs, the new plane would be hard pressed to enter service before 2025. (DefenseIndustryDaily)

Block 1 for Indonesia, Block 2 & 3 for Korea

"At this point, there is almost no difference between KF-X and IF-X shapes," says the official.

Still, the South Korean and Indonesian examples are likely to be different. Previously, officials have said that a Block I configuration without stealth coatings and the ability to carry weapons internally will go to Indonesia. South Korea will have a Block II aircraft, with stealth coatings and weapons bays.

Seoul will also develop indigenous capabilities in key areas where it failed to obtain export licences from the US, an early stumbling block for the programme. These include the jet's active electronically scanned array (AESA), which will be developed with Israeli assistance, infrared search & track (IRST), electro-optical targeting, and the aircraft's electronic warfare suite. (FlightGlobal)


IFX : Indonesian Version of KF-X

He added that there would be minor differences between the KFX and IFX.

“The IFX will have a greater range as required by the Indonesian Air Force ,” he said.

“For air refueling, the IFX will use a probe system while the KFX will use a boom system.

“The third difference will be the data link. South Korea will use the US-made Link 16 and probably develop their own while we will also develop our own.” 

Budi said Indonesia needed its own data link to allow communications with the Russian-made Sukhoi Su-27/30 Flankers heavy jet fighters. (The Jakarta Post)


F-35 four key technologies (image : Korea Times)

25 US Fighter Technology

The transfer of 25 technologies, including the four, was included in the offset deal in return for Korea's purchase of 40 F-35s, which was signed in September last year.


However, the transfer of the remaining 21 technologies from the U.S. defense giant and the budget issue still remain major obstacles to completing the project on time. The project is aimed at building new fighter aircraft by 2025 to replace the Air Force's aging fleet of F-4s and F-5s. (Korea Times)

The U.S. has refused to transfer core technologies connected to the next-generation F-35 fighter jets to Korea, throwing plans to acquire 40 of them for the Air Force into disarray.

Lockheed Martin, the manufacturer, had agreed in negotiations in September last year to transfer the technologies to Korea. But U.S. government intervention means the entire project worth W20 trillion is up in the air (US$1=W1,177). (Chosun)

The project will also proceed with the help of Lockheed Martin which will transfer 21 technologies used in the F-35 stealth fighter. In early December, the U.S. government approved the transfer of the technologies in a "large frame," according to DAPA.

Before its official kickoff, the program had suffered a severe crisis after the U.S. government refused in April to allow Lockheed to hand over four core technologies — the AESA radar, the EOTGP, the infrared search and radio frequency (RF) jammer and the infrared search and tracking (IRST) system.



A transfer of a total of 25 technologies was included in an offset deal signed in September of 2014 with Lockheed Martin in return for Korea's purchase of 40 F-35s. (Korea Times)

But the U.S. government refused to approve exports of the four core technologies due to national security concerns, the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA) said. The four items are AESA radar, infrared search and tracking equipment (IRST), electro-optical target tracking devices (EO TGP), and Radio Frequency (RF) Jammers. The Korean military was planning to use the technologies in 2025. It was known that the four technologies were not included in the official contract when the Korean government decided to introduce F-35A fighters.


The DAPA is considering going ahead with the production of AESA radar, infrared search and tracking equipment by way of technological cooperation with third countries such as those in Europe and the development of other technologies in Korea. (Business Korea)

Four key technologies of KF-X that blocked by US : IRST, AESA Radar, EO TGP, and RF Jammer (photo : Kookbang)

Schedule of KF-X

Menurutnya, perakitan pesawat tempur KFX/IFX fase EMD merupakan program berjangka waktu 10 tahun. Pembangunan dimulai dari tahun 2016 dan dijadwalkan berakhir tahun 2026. Total investasi kedua negara terkait proyek ini mencapai US$ 8 miliar dari APBN Indonesia dan Korsel.

Ditargetkan tahun 2021 pesawat tempur KFX/IFX bisa diperkenalkan ke masyarakat, lalu dibuat prototipe ke-5 oleh PTDI pada 2022. Setelah itu akan dikirimkan ke Korea Selatan untuk disempurnakan dan akan dikirimkan kembali ke Indonesia sebagai flying test bed untuk pengembangan dan wahana pembelajaran generasi muda PTDI.

"Diharapkan pesawat tempur KFX/IFX bisa mendapatkan Type Certificate di tahun 2025 atau 2026," kata Anne. (Berita Satu)

First Prototype with AESA radar

South Korea will complete the development of an advanced radar system to be placed on the country's indigenous fighter jets by 2026 that will greatly boost its air-combat capabilities, the state arms procurement agency said Wednesday. 

The state-run Agency for Defense Development has begun the process of developing the active electronically scanned array radars for some 120 KF-X fighter jets that South Korea seeks to develop by the mid-2020s, the Defense Acquisition Program Administration said. It said a meeting with related officials and experts was held at the ADD's headquarters in Daejeon, 164 kilometers south of Seoul.  

"We are planning to produce the first prototypes of the AESA radar system by the second half of 2020. Starting in 2021, the radar system will undergo a five-year-long test run after being mounted onto the KF-X jet before its development project is completed in 2026," a DAPA official said. (Korea Herald)

Production of the Initial Batch

"With the signing of the contract with KAI on Monday, the Defense Acquisition Program Administration will officially set about the fighter jet development project," DAPA said in a statement.
   
The project will take 10 years and six months before completing the developmental phase by the first half of 2026 and producing the initial batch of aircraft by 2028, according to the state procurement agency. (Korea Times)


KF-X fighter with AESA radar (image : KAI)

Project Costs

Korea Aerospace Industries Ltd. signed a deal with Indonesia on Sunday, clinching the Southeast Asian country's partnership in a lavish local fighter jet development program. 
  
Under the preliminary contract, Indonesia will shoulder 20 percent, or 1.7 trillion won ($1.5 billion), of the program's 8.7 trillion-won cost to develop the advanced multi-role combat jet, according to the airplane manufacturer.
  
The Korean Fighter Experimental program is designed to develop and mass-produce homegrown dual-engine combat airplanes by 2025. It's one of the most lavish defense procurement projects here with more than 8 trillion won in development costs in addition to 10 trillion won to be spent in mass production. KAI is South Korea's contractor manufacturer of the program. 

With the partnership, Indonesia will be entitled to purchase 50 new planes. (KoreaHerald)

Led by Korea Aerospace Industries, KF-X development began in 2016 with the goal of producing six prototypes by 2021. Indonesia’s state-run defense firm PT Dirgantara Indonesia is the only partner for the $8 billion project, responsible for 20 percent of development costs. About 120 KF-X aircraft are to be produced by 2032 to replace the South Korean Air Force’s aging fleet of F-4s and F-5s.

South Korea’s KF-X Block 2 would have an internal weapons bay, and Block 3 is expected to feature stealth technology comparable to the F-35. (DefenseNews)

The development of AESA radar is part of the 8.5 trillion won ($7.5 billion) KF-X project to build 4.5-generation indigenous fighters by 2026 to replace the Air Force's aging fleet of F-4s and F-5s. 

The government will invest an additional 10 trillion won ($8.8 billion) to produce 120 aircraft by 2032. (Korea Times)

Navy Chief Wants Submarine

28 Mei 2018


PN needs to acquire submarines (photo : Wiki)

Submarines needed to make PH Navy more respectable: Empedrad

MANILA -- While pushing for the completion of the country's first two missile-capable frigates, Philippine Navy flag officer-in-command, Rear Admiral Robert Empedrad said the country also needs to acquire submarines as they are the "future of naval warfare".

When asked by Senator Emmanuel "Manny" Pacquiao on what other equipment the Navy needs to be fully modernized, during the Senate hearing on the Frigate Acquisition Project earlier this week, Empedrad said, "Sir, we have a lot of concerns in the Navy, your honor. But for me, the future of naval warfare is submarine warfare. And I believe that if we want to get the respect of other foreign countries or navies, we should acquire submarines."

This, he said, is due to their stealthy nature, which makes them very difficult to detect.
Submarines are naval vessels that can operate in deep or shallow waters and are capable of carrying a variety of weapons that can be used to attack land, sea and air targets.

"Sabi nga nila, mahirap kalabanin iyong kalaban na hindi nakikita (As they say, it is difficult to contain an invisible enemy). So if we have submarines, I'm sure other powerful navies would respect the Philippine Navy - if we get the submarine, your honor," Empedrad said.

The Armed Forces of the Philippines is expected to acquire its own diesel-electric class submarines during the 2nd Horizon of the AFP Modernization Program, which is expected to begin this year and end in 2022.

(PNA)

26 Mei 2018

Belarus Tawarkan Pemeliharaan Berat dan Rudal Pesawat Sukhoi

26 Mei 2018


Pemeliharaan berat pesawat Sukhoi di 558 Aviation Repair Plant (photo : 558ARP)

Kasau Terima Kunjungan Kehormatan Dubes Belarus

Bisnis Metro, JAKARTA — Kepala Staf Angkatan Udara (Kasau) Marsekal TNI Yuyu Sutisna, S.E., M.M menerima kunjungan kehormatan Duta Besar (Dubes) Luar Biasa dan Berkuasa Penuh Republik Belarus untuk Indonesia H.E. Mr. Valery Kolesnik di Mabesau Cilangkap, Jakarta Timur, Jumat (25/5/2018).

Kasau sangat mengapresiasi kunjungan Dubes Belarus untuk Indonesia yang dimaksudkan untuk mempererat hubungan kedua negara yang telah terjalin baik selama ini dan menyampaikan ucapan terima kasih karena Belarus telah ikut ambil bagian dalam perawatan pesawat tempur Sukhoi milik TNI AU.

“Belarus merupakan negara sahabat yang juga sekaligus sebagai mitra TNI AU di bidang pertahanan, seperti pemeliharaan tingkat berat dan system upgrade pesawat tempur Sukhoi di fasilitas 558 Aviation Repair Plant,” kata Kasau.

Pada tahun 2017 telah dilaksanakan pemeliharaan 2 unit pesawat Sukhoi, dan saat ini sedang dilaksanakan pemeliharaan 2 unit pesawat Sukhoi Su-30MK yang akan selesai pada bulan September 2018.

TNI AU terus melengkapi persenjataan pesawat Sukhoi (photo : su-27 flanker)

Sementara itu, Dubes Kolesnik mengatakan, hubungan bilateral antara Indonesia dan Belarus semakin erat khususnya di bidang pertahanan yang dibuktikan dengan adanya kerja sama di bidang pemeliharaan pesawat tempur Sukhoi TNI AU di Belarus.  Ia juga menawarkan kerja sama di bidang pertukaran Taruna/Cadet Akademi Angkatan Udara kedua negara.

“Saat ini Belarus memiliki kemampuan yang luas di bidang industri pertahanan, bukan hanya di bidang pemeliharaan pesawat namun juga sudah mampu memproduksi berbagai alutsista diantaranya peluru kendali dari udara ke udara jarak menengah serta teknologi optik untuk penginderaan pasukan khusus,” ujar Dubes Kolesnik.

Menanggapi hal tersebut, Kasau menyambut baik tawaran pertukaran Taruna AAU dengan Taruna Akademi Angkatan Udara Belarus dan akan mengkaji lebih lanjut metode pertukaran yang akan digunakan.  

Terkait produk peluru kendali udara ke udara jarak menengah di atas 20 km buatan Belarus, Kasau menyampaikan bahwa TNI AU saat ini dalam tahap pengembangan kekuatan dan perlu memiliki peluru kendali jarak menengah, khususnya untuk pesawat tempur Sukhoi.

Pada kesempatan tersebut, Kasau didampingi Aspam Kasau Marsda TNI Dwi Fajariyanto, Aslog Kasau Marsda TNI Eko Supriyanto, S.E., M.M., dan Kadispenau Marsma TNI Ir. Novyan Samyoga, M.M., Sedangkan Dubes Belarus didampingi staf Kedubes Belarus Mr. Glen Krykanov.

(Bisnis Metro)

Russia's S-500 Air Defense System Reportedly Hits Target Nearly 300 Miles Away

26 Mei 2018


S-500 Triumfator-M or Promotheus air defence system with range 595 km (photo : Sputnik)

Russia has reportedly conducted the longest range surface-to-air missile test ever with its S-500. If and when it becomes operational, the air and missile defense system could significantly increase the Russian military’s anti-access and area denial capabilities in Europe, East Asia, and elsewhere, but its already years behind schedule.

CNBC was first to report on the development, citing unnamed sources familiar with U.S. intelligence on the Russian program, but its story did not say when the launch occurred. According to the anonymous individuals, the S-500 was able to hit a target just shy of 300 miles away, which is some 50 miles further than the previous record. The stated range of the existing S-400 system when using the 40N6 missile is almost 250 miles.

Though the system, also known as the Triumfator-M or Prometheus, has been in active development since at least 2009, there are few firm details about its capabilities. Russian media has reported in the past that the final production S-500s will be able to engage opponents up to 370 miles away (= 595 km).

Depending on the exact missile type the launcher carries, it will supposedly be able to shoot-down both air-breathing targets, including manned aircraft, drones, and cruise missiles, as well as ballistic missiles. The latter capability appears to be the most immediately important to the Russians and many reports indicate that the road-mobile S-500 is likely to act primarily as a more flexible and survivable replacement, or at least supplement, for Russia’s fixed, silo-based A-135 anti-ballistic missile system.

See full article The Drive-The War Zone

Ini Kelebihan Helikopter Panther AKS Milik TNI AL

26 Mei 2018


infografis helikopter Panther TNI AL membawa peralatan dipping sonar HELRAS (image : tandaseru)

4 Kecanggihan helikopter baru milik TNI AL, anti kapal selam

Merdeka.com - Kekuatan Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI) baik darat, udara sampai laut tidak perlu diragukan lagi. Karena, saat ini, TNI sudah dibekali dengan persenjataan dan alutsista yang super canggih. Bahkan TNI baru saja menerima dua unit Helikopter AS565 MBe Panther Anti Kapal Selam (AKS) untuk TNI AL.

Dengan adanya Helikopter AS565 MBe Panther Anti Kapal Selam, laut Indonesia aman dari para musuh dan tentunya kedaulatan NKRI dapat terus terjaga. Untuk itu, helikopter jenis tersebut dilengkapi dengan kemampuan yang luar biasa dengan segala kecanggihannya. Dirangkum dari berbagai sumber, inilah kecanggihan Helikopter AS565 MBe Panther Anti Kapal Selam milik TNI-AL.

infografis spesifikasi helikopter Panther TNI AL (image : tandaseru)

1. Bodi ringan
Helikopter AS565 sangat ringan karena mempunyai bobot maksimum saat take off hanya 4,3 ton. Bodi helikopter merupakan kombinasi glass fibre yang diperkuat Nomex untuk menambah daya tahan dan sekaligus mengurangi berat helikopter.

Nomex juga dikenal sebagai bahan tahan api. Rotorhead dengan empat bilah baling-baling utama menggunakan bahan serat gelas Starflex. Posisi pilot juga ditingkatkan keamanannya dengan kursi yang dapat menahan tekanan gravitasi hingga 20 g.

2. Dapat terbang dalam kondisi cuaca apapun
AS565 Panther disokong dua mesin turboshaft Turbomeca Arriel 2C. Masing-masing mesin punya kekuatan 635 kW. Dengan mesin ini, Panther memiliki performa yang dapat diandalkan dalam kondisi apa pun, termasuk panas dan di ketinggian.

Pemasangan torpedo ringan di helikopter Panther TNI AL (photo : Indonesian Military)

Kendali mesin digital dengan otoritas penuh memungkinkan starter mesin secara otomatis dan menjamin operasional mesin sesuai batas akselerasi, torque dan suhu. Panther dapat melakukan hovering hingga ketinggian 2.600 meter, bicara tentang kecepatan, Panther dapat melesat hingga 285 km per jam.

3. Mendeteksi keberadaan musuh lebih luas
Panther memiliki daya jangkau deteksi keberadaan kapal selam musuh yang lebih luas. Sebab, helikopter ini memiliki dipping sonar L-3 Ocean Systems DS-100 Helicopter Long-Range Active Sonar (HELRAS).

Helikopter Panther TNI AL dapat membawa 2 torpedo ringan (photo : tni tniad)

HELRAS menggunakan frekuensi rendah dengan resolusi tinggi pada sistem Doppler dan rentang gelombang panjang untuk mendeteksi keberadaan kapal selam dari jarak jauh. Khususnya dengan perangkat DS-100, dirancang ideal untuk melakukan redetection, melokalisir sasaran, dan melancarkan serangan torpedo di perairan dalam dan dangkal.

4. Dilengkapi dengan dua torpedo
Sebagai penghancur kapal selam, helikopter ini dilengkapi dengan dua torpedo. Jenis torpedo yang dapat dibawa adalah MK46 dari Amerika Serikat dapat menjadi bagian dari ASROC (Anti-Submarine ROCket) dan ranjau CAPTOR yang menggunakan sensor khusus yang akan melepaskan torpedo ketika mendeteksi musuh dan torpedo jenis A.244. Helikopter ini juga memiliki stabilitas yang baik untuk mendarat di atas kapal perang.

(Merdeka)

Việt Nam Starts Building its First Submarine Rescue Ship

26 Mei 2018


A model image of the MSSARS 9316, Việt Nam’s first submarine search and rescue ship, which begins construction on Thursday in Hải Phòng. (image : Z189 Shipbuilding)

HẢI PHÒNG — A keel laying ceremony was held on Thursday in the northeastern port city of Hải Phòng to mark the building of Việt Nam’s first submarine search and rescue ship.

The vessel will not only serve the Vietnamese navy force’s needs in its waters, but also engage in international submarine rescue operations when the situation demands.

The vessel, numbered MSSARS 9316, measures 94m long, 16m wide, and 5.85m high, with a displacement measurement (i.e. weight) reaching 4,000 tonnes.

The vessel will feature an on-deck helipad and a “robust dynamic positioning system and various other features” to make sure the ship can function unhindered in harsh weather conditions, such as winds of Beaufort force 9 (75-88km/h) and waves as high as 14m, which could threaten even the biggest sea liners.

Aside from its main duty as a submarine rescue vessel, the MSSARS 9316 is also capable of underwater surveying, seafloor mapping, and serving as an ocean research vessel.


The model of the MSSARS 9316 submarine rescue ship is on display at the Vietship 2018 (photo : BaoDatViet)

The important project will be undertaken by Z189, a shipyard company under the Việt Nam Ministry of National Defence, who has gained international reputation after it built ships with similar functions for the Royal Australian Navy in a joint venture with the Dutch defence group Damen.

A representative from the Z189 factory said the construction of the MSSARS 9316 will also draw on experience it obtained from the construction of Australia’s twin submarine intervention gear ships (Besant and Stoker).

The entire shipbuilding process is estimated at 27 months.

Speaking at the ceremony, Phạm Hoài Nam, Rear Admiral of the Việt Nam People’s Navy, asked Z189 to “work closely with concerned authorities to hasten the implementation of the project and to keep to the schedule.”

(VietNamNews)