28 Juli 2017

Jet Tempur KFX/IFX Mengadopsi 4 Teknologi Eropa

28 Juli 2017

Empat teknologi kunci pesawat tempur KFX/IFX : AESA, IRST, EOTGP dan RF Jammer (image : donga, kookbang)

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Pesawat jet tempur KFX/IFX buatan Indonesia - Korea Selatan akan dilengkapi 4 teknologi dari Eropa. Alih teknologi Eropa tersebut setelah Amerika memberikan teknologinya untuk menunjang pesawat tempur baru itu. 

"Empat teknologi itu tidak akan diberikan Amerika pada siapa pun, termasuk Korea," kata Kepala Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kementerian Pertahanan, Anne Kusmayati, dalam jumpa pers di Kementerian Pertahanan, Jumat, 28 Juli 2017. Namun, kendala tersebut bisa diatasi dengan kerjasama yang dicapai Korea Selatan dengan pihak dari Eropa.

Empat teknologi utama dalam pesawat tempur tersebut adalah electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, infrared search and track (IRST), electronic optics targeting pod (EOTGP), dan Radio Frequency Jammer. Sebenarnya, jumlah teknologi yang dibutuhkan masih kurang 9 lagi. Namun lima teknologi telah didapat Korea dan dalam kerjasama yang dicapai Indonesia dan Korea Selatan, lima teknologi itu akan dibagikan pada Indonesia.

Sementara untuk empat teknologi tersebut, Korea sedang mengembangkan sebagai hasil kolaborasi dengan pihak di Eropa. "Siapa pihak di Eropa, saya tidak dalam kapasitas menjawabnya," kata Anne. 

Nantinya, 4 teknologi tersebut juga akan diberikan ke Indonesia. "Kami diperbolehkan menggunakan alat itu ke kita di dalam pesawat IFX kita nantinya. Jadi Insya Allah empat itu akan kita dapat," kata Anne.

Jet tempur KFX/IFX adalah pesawat semi siluman generasi 4.5 yang dikembangkan Korea Selatan dan Indonesia. Kerjasama pengembangan pesawat ini sebatas pada pengembangan pesawat hingga mencapai prototipe. Dari enam prototipe yang akan dihasilkan, satu prototipe akan diserahkan pada Indonesia. Saat ini program Engineering Manufacture Development (EMD) telah menyelesaikan 14 persen dari keseluruhan perencanaan program yang berlangsung hingga 2026.

Pengembangan jet tempur ini awalnya dilakukan Korea Selatan sejak 15 tahun lalu. Namun pada 2015 dibuat kesepakatan antara pemerintah Korea Selatan dengan Indonesia untuk mengembangkan jet tempur ini secara bersama-sama. Kesepakatan kerjasama strategis (strategic cooperation agreement) program ini dilakukan pada 4 Desember 2015. Sementara kesepakatan cost sharing dilakukan pada Januari 2016. 

Dalam kesepakatan tersebut, Indonesia menanggung biaya program pengembangan sebesar 20 persen, sementara Korea Selatan 80 persen. Dalam 10 tahun pengembangan yang akan dilakukan hingga 2026, total biaya yang ditanggung Indonesia mencapai Rp 21,6 triliun. Sementara kesepakatan penugasan kerja (work assignment agreement) dilakukan pada januari 2016.

Anne mengatakan keterlibatan Indonesia pada pengembangan jet tempur ini berkaitan dengan rencana strategis TNI AU tentang kebutuhan pesawat tempur pada 2014. Selain itu, keterlibatan Indonesia pada program ini adalah sebagai upaya meningkatkan kemandirian teknologi nasional, serta meningkatkan kemampuan industri pertahanan nasional.


US Giving PH Military Drones for Reconnaissance, Surveillance

28 Juli 2017

Boeing Insitu ScanEagle unmanned aerial vehicles (photo : DVIDS)

Department of National Defense (DND) Secretary Delfin Lorenzana confirmed today that the United States is giving the Philippines Boeing Insitu ScanEagle unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) for reconnaissance and surveillance use.

This is after the US turned over two new Cessna 208B “Caravan” intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) aircraft.

“It be will be accepted by the Air Force [sometime this year]. This is aside the [Aerovironment RQ-11] Raven [hand-launched unmanned aerial vehicle] which was given for the use of the Marine Special Operations Group early this year,” he added.

“[The Americans] have given us a lot of equipment [this year], they are all brand-new,” Lorenzana pointed out.

ScanEagle is a small, long-endurance, low-altitude reconnaissance UAV and part of the ScanEagle Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS).

Last June, Naval Air Systems Command of the United States Navy released a solicitation document for the procurement of undisclosed number of ScanEagle from Insitu for the Philippine government with estimated value of $13.5M. The contract involves ScanEagle UAVs, spares, support equipment, tools, training, and support services.

IHS Jane’s estimated that with the mentioned estimated value, the Philippines will be getting 15 UAVs.

“Based on the procurements of other nations – in 2014 Yemen signed for a system of 12 ScanEagle vehicles for USD11 million – the Philippines’ follow-on system is likely to be made up of about 15 vehicles,” said IHS Jane’s.


DSME Prepares to Handover Indonesia’s First Type 209/1400 Submarine After Initial Delays

28 Juli 2017

Indonesia is about to receive its first South Korean-made submarine, after a delay of more than four months. Delays have been caused by modifications made to the platform after its initial sea trials, said DSME (photo : pr1v4t33r)

The Indonesian Navy (Tentara Nasional Indonesia – Angkatan Laut, or TNI-AL) and the Indonesian Ministry of Defence are currently preparing to receive the country’s first Type 209/1400 diesel-electric submarine (SSK) from South Korean company Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering (DSME), sources from within the naval service told Jane’s on 27 July.

This information has since been corroborated with DSME’s officials, who confirmed that preparations are currently underway for the handover ceremony. “At the moment, [the work on] Nagapasa is completely finished, and [the vessel] is ready for delivery on 2nd August 2017”, said a DSME official who spoke to Jane’s on the same day.

Nagapasa , which has been given the pennant number 403, is part of a KRW1.3 trillion (USD1.1 billion) contract signed between DSME and the Indonesian government in December 2011. The contract comes with a technology transfer arrangement, which will see the first and second vessels built in South Korea, while the third boat will be produced at Indonesian state-owned shipbuilder PT PAL's premises in Surabaya in collaboration with DSME.

Nagapasa displaces approximately 1,280 tonnes when surfaced and 1,400 tonnes when dived. The vessel features an overall length of 61.2 m, an overall beam of 6.25 m, and a hull draught of 5.5 m. Powered by four MTU 12V493 diesel engines, the submarine can attain a top speed of 21.5 kt when dived, 11 kt when surfaced, and a maximum operating range of approximately 10,000 n miles at 10 kt while surfaced, according to specifications provided by DSME.


Australian Army Contracts Leonardo DRS for Next-Generation Combat Computing Upgrades

28 Juli 2017

Mounted Family of Computer Systems (photo : US Army)

ARLINGTON, VA, -- Leonardo DRS announced today that it will provide the Australian Army with its next-generation platform Battle Management System (BMS) hardware, called the Mounted Family of Computer Systems, or MFoCS, for its M1A1SA main battle tanks and associated combat vehicles.

Leonardo DRS received a direct commercial sale in the amount of $3.1 million for the initial phase of the Australian Army Land 907 BMS program. This is the first order of the MFoCS system by the Australian Army which will provide its armored cavalry units improved connectivity within the Australian Defense Force as well as increased joint U.S. and coalition battle management system interoperability in the field. Leonardo DRS will produce MFoCS systems in its Melbourne, Florida facility and install the system in five locations across Australia.

M1A1SA Abrams (photo : Wayne Orellana)

“Leonardo DRS is proud to provide the proven MFoCS system to the Australian Army for many of its armored cavalry vehicles. We have a long history of providing its land forces with combat-proven hardware for a wide range of platforms,” said Jerry Hathaway, vice president and general manager of DRS Land Electronics business. “MFoCS is the most advanced family of ultra-rugged computers, providing the warfighters of our close allies with this technology gives us the satisfaction of knowing they have the right equipment to ensure mission success on the battlefield,” Hathaway said.

The upgrade to MFoCS with dismountable tablets and rugged sunlight-readable touch-screen displays, will give users the capability to support, not only systems like Blue Force Tracking, but provides commanders with numerous options that provide increased joint, U.S., and coalition interoperability.

MFoCS units are being installed across U.S. military services including aircraft, wheeled and tracked vehicles, tactical operations centers, and other mission command platforms. MFoCS was developed and produced based on knowledge and experience gained through over 18 years of delivering mission critical computing components for such programs as FBCB2, JBC-P, BFT, Movement Tracking System (MTS) Logistics as well as the UK Army Bowman program.  Leonardo DRS has fielded more than 300,000 BMS computing and display systems worldwide.


27 Juli 2017

Menhan Saksikan Ujicoba Beberapa Drone di Bogor

27 Juli 2017

Pameran dan uji coba drone buatan dalam negeri (all photos : Kumparan, ARC) 

Menhan inginkan pesawat tanpa awak dilengkapi persenjataan

Jakarta (ANTARA News) - Menteri Pertahanan (Menhan) Ryamizard Ryacudu menginginkan pesawat terbang tanpa awak (PPTA) atau drone bisa digunakan untuk keperluan tempur, yang dilengkapi senjata dan bom.

"Pesawat terbang tanpa awak yang dibuat atas kerja sama Balitbang Kemhan dengan industri pertahanan dalam negeri sudah bagus, dengan jarak tempuh hingga 200 kilometer dan bisa digunakan selama 20 jam. Luar biasa itu," kata Menhan usai menyaksikan uji coba pesawat tanpa awak hasil kerja sama kementerian pertahan (Kemhan) dan industri pertahanan di Lapangan Terbang Rumpin, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat, Kamis.

Ke depan, lanjut Ryamizard, tak terlalu sering memakai pesawat yang menggunakan awak karena cost relatif mahal, dan penggunaannya pun terbatas. Namun, pesawat tanpa awak bisa digunakan setiap saat dan relatif lebih murah. 

"Kemungkinan kecelakaan sangat kecil. Kalau pun ada kecelakaan tidak ada korban jiwa," katanya.

Pesawat terbang tanpa awak ini nantinya bisa di-update untuk dipasang alat tembak dan bom, serta bisa digunakan siang dan malam hari.

"Ini nggak kalah lagi dengan dari luar. Kemudian akan ditingkatkan terus. Itu kalau pakai satelit, jaraknya bisa 500 kilometer," kata mantan Kepala Staf TNI Angkatan Darat (Kasad) ini.

Purnawirawan Jenderal bintang empat ini berharap nantinya pesawat tanpa awak dapat dimaksimalkan untuk menjaga perbatasan, bahkan dapat digunakan untuk mencegah peredaran narkoba.

"Iya pasti (akan dimaksimalkan) di perbatasan mau lihat di mana tukang narkoba itu bawa narkoba. Semuanya lah. Curi-curi ikan segala macam. Nanti di kapal angkatan laut juga ada drone, penanganan bencana, segala macam lah," katanya.

Kendati demikian, tambah dia, pihaknya tetap akan membeli beberapa drone militer dari China guna menambah pengetahuan teknologi mengenai drone.

"Jadi begini. Kita, orang China, orang manapun, beli pasti dia bedah itu barang untuk dipelajari. Kita juga beli sedikit satu-dua, kemudian kita pelajari untuk menambah kecanggihan itu. Semuanya begitu," jelasnya.

Pesawat yang diujiterbangkan bernama Rajawali 720, yang merupakan hasil kerja sama Balitbang Kemhan dengan PT Bhineka Dwi Persada. PPTA Rajawali 720 termasuk ke dalam kategori Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) atau juga disebut Pesawat Udara Nir Awak (PUNA) dan merupakan PPTA bersayap tetap (fixed wing).

PPTA tersebut memiliki kemampuan terbang Iebih dari 24 jam dengan misi radius jelajah 20 km sampai dengan 1000 km, dan ketinggi jelajah 8000 meter dan kecepatan hingga 135 km/jam (73 knots). PPTA Rajawali 720 tersebut juga mampu tinggal landas dan landing dengan Iandasan yang cukup pendek.

PPTA Rajawali 720 dirancang dengan misi utama sebagai pesawat pengintai, yang dilengkapi dengan sistem gimbal dan kamera yang dapat mengirimkan hasil pantauan, baik gambar maupun video secara real time ke darat melalui Ground Control Station (GCS).

Sehingga, PPTA Rajawali 720 dapat menjadi salah satu altematif yang handal dalam melakukan pengawasan dalam berbagai keperluan, seperti melakukan pemantauan di daerah perbatasan, lautan ataupun hutan.

Selain PPTA Rajawali 720, kata Kapuskom Publik Kemhan Brigjen TNI Totok Sugiharto, juga akan diuji coba beberapa pesawat tanpa awak lainnya, yakni Pesawat Udara Tanpa Awak (Puna) Alap-Alap, Wulung (PT Carita Boat Indonesia), Elang Laut (PT DI), dan Mission System (PT LEN Industri), serta Target Drone (PT Indo Pacific Communication dan Defence), M3LSU03 (PT Mandiri Mitra Muhibbah).


Indonesia in Talks to Procure First Mini-Submarine

27 Juli 2017

Indonesia is currently in the process of acquiring its first mini-submarine. Platform may partly fulfil Indonesia’s requirement to operate a fleet of 12 submarines by 2024 (photo : Navy Recognition)

The Indonesian Ministry of Defence (MoD) is currently finalising a contract with Batam-based shipbuilder PT Palindo Marine for the procurement of a mini-submarine, Indonesian Navy Tentara Nasional Indonesia – Angkatan Laut, or TNI-AL) sources informed Jane’s on 26 July.

This information has since been corroborated with officials from PT Palindo, who confirmed on the same day that discussions over the contract are currently still ongoing with officials from the MoD and the TNI-AL. “Negotiations over the procurement are still ongoing as we speak,” said Mukti Syarif Rivai, a naval architect with PT Palindo, in a phone conversation with Jane’s . “We will be making an official announcement once the contract is confirmed and signed,” he added.

According to PT Palindo, the mini-submarine will be based on the concept that was first unveiled by the MoD’s research and development branch in November 2016 at the Indo Defence exhibition in Jakarta. The concept is a product of collaboration between PT Palindo Marine, the MoD, the Indonesian Co-ordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, and two Indonesian tertiary institutions Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November (ITS) and the University of Indonesia (UI).

The concept features an overall length of 22 m, an overall beam of 3 m, and a hull draught of 2.5 m. It displaces approximately 117 tonnes when surfaced, and 127 tonnes when submerged. The submarine has a maximum operating depth of 150 m, an endurance of six days, and a top speed of 10 kt when dived. It can accommodate a crew of five, with space for up to nine additional personnel.


Aquila Engineering to Provide Engineering Support for RAAF PC-21s

27 Juli 2017

RAAF PC-21 training aircraft (photo : Stephan Widmer)

The Royal Australian Air Force’s new Pilatus PC-21 trainers will receive in-country engineering and logistics support from Aquila Engineering under a new contract that came into affect on July 1.

The contract, announced on Wednesday, means Aquila Engineering will maintain its link with the Australian Defence Force training fleet, given it currently provides support for the PC-9/A that is being withdrawn.

Aquila Engineering general manager Jenny Marshall said the PC-21 work would build on the company’s experience working on the PC-9/A.

“Pilatus and Aquila first partnered in 2004 to provide in-country engineering and logistics support to the current RAAF pilot training platform,” Marshall said in a statement.

“The initiative to set-up the in-country technical capability has been very successful in supporting the customer’s needs; particularly with Aquila being based in Sale, Victoria and Perth, Western Australia being the two primary RAAF pilot training bases.

“This same system will now support the PC-21 platform, which has the same customer, roles and operating bases and will therefore benefit from a proven and responsive engineering capability to support the new performance based contract through an SME entity with its head-office located in rural Victoria.”

The first of 49 PC-21s for the ADF’s AIR 5428 Pilot Training System program arrived in Australia in February. A formal ceremony to welcome the aircraft into RAAF service is expected some time early next month.

The prime contractor for the AIR 5428 project is Lockheed Martin, which has teamed with Pilatus and Hawker Pacific to deliver the new ADF pilot training system under a seven-year, $1.2-billion contract that was signed in late 2015.

Under AIR 5428 the PC-21 will replace both the ageing PC-9/A, which has been in service since 1988, and the CT-4 currently used for basic training. The PC-9/A is due to be withdrawn in 2019 after 30 years of service and more than 500,000 flying hours.

“We are looking forward to this renewed long-term partnership and are pleased to continue our relationship with Aquila Engineering; an in-country arrangement for the engineering support further increases our commitment to Australian industry capability supporting the PC-21,” Pilatus director defence Australia Rob Oliver said.